COMMON LAWS & LEGAL ENTITIES
Relevant Local, State & Federal Laws
Part of the United States Constitution’s Bill of Rights, the First Amendment provides that the government cannot interfere
with a person’s freedom of speech, freedom of expression, or freedom to peacefully practice his or her religious beliefs.
Part of the United States Constitution’s Bill of Rights, the Fourth Amendment provides that government officials cannot
unreasonably detain persons or search them, their belongings, automobiles, or homes without a warrant.
Part of the United States Constitution’s Bill of Rights, the Fifth Amendment provides that no person shall have to give
information to the government if it might incriminate them. The Supreme Court of the United States in Miranda v. Arizona established that this right includes the right to remain silent in the face of law enforcement questioning, and the
right to have an attorney present if compelled by law enforcement to provide information.
Administrative Procedure Act. The APA is a federal law governing the way in which United States administrative agencies
may establish and carry out federal regulations.
California Fair Employment and Housing Act. FEHA is a state law prohibiting employment and housing discrimination
based on, among other factors, gender, national origin, race, or religion.
Immigration and Nationality Act. The INA is a federal law governing immigration to and citizenship in the United States.
Religious Freedom Restoration Act of 1993. RFRA is a federal statute protecting against federal laws that substantially
burden a person’s free exercise of religion.
Religious Land Use and Institutionalized Persons Act. RLUIPA is a federal statute protecting against state laws that
substantially burden a prisoner’s right to worship and gives religious institutions a means of avoiding burdensome zoning
restrictions on their property use.
“Seth’s Law” is a piece of California legislation which strengthened the SSVPA (see below) by implementing increased
requirements on schools regarding bullying policies and investigations.
School Safety Violence Protection Act. The SSVPA is a California law requiring schools to develop and implement policies
that protect students from bullying.
Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. Title VII is part of a landmark federal law prohibiting employment and housing
discrimination based on, among other factors, gender, national origin, race, or religion.
Unruh Civil Rights Act. Unruh is a California law prohibiting public accommodation discrimination based on, among
other factors, gender, national origin, race, or religion.